The Republic of Lithuania implements a business-friendly taxation policy, and the taxation system is adapted to the legislation of the European Union. Since 1990, the Lithuania's taxation system has drastically changed to support foreign investments and labour market development.
Taxes and other payments are collected to the budget based on the order by the Supreme Council; however, regional and city councils act separately in matters of tax collection. In Lithuania, basic principles of tax payment and their regulation is governed by the Law on Tax Administration stipulating the rights and obligations of a tax administrator and tax payer, as well as the tax calculation procedure and chargeable amounts.
There are 7 main types of taxes in Lithuania:
The state collects also social insurance contributions, taxes on state natural resources, petroleum and natural gas resources tax, tax on environmental pollution, consular fees, state fees.
Corporate Income Tax:
'Corporate income tax payers' are enterprises pursuing commercial activities, and this tax is also paid by non-profit organisations obtaining profit from commercial activities.
The general corporate tax rate is 15%.
NB! Corporate tax rate in 2009 was 20%, nevertheless in 2010 tax rate was reduced to 15% and still is at the same level.
Agricultural and farming enterprises, non-profit organisations, small enterprises, enterprises with foreign investment and enterprises employing the disabled person can apply for tax relief. Lithuania actually ensures the most preferable conditions for business growth for micro-enterprises comparing to other Baltic States.
Personal Income Tax:
Progressive reduction of the personal income tax was commenced in 2006. Today every natural person is obliged to pay the personal income tax in the amount of 15 % if this person is employed or self-employed. If the person can be considered a permanent resident, the income tax is calculated from the person's income received in Lithuania and abroad. Foreign residents must pay tax only from that part of income which is received in Lithuania. To consider someone a resident of Lithuania, this person has to live in Lithuania for at least 183 subsequent days within a 12-month period.
Persons receiving a salary lower than LTL 191 are exempt from personal income tax. Also disabled persons and single mothers (fathers) are exempt from personal income tax, and the tax is not deducted from pensions and scholarships.
In Lithuania, the land tax includes only tax payments on land, and the provisions on calculation and payment of this tax are laid down by city and district councils. The object upon which the land tax is imposed is privately owned land, and its annual rate is 1.5 % of the land value (in case of a forest, the tax rate does not include the value of trees).
New land owners must pay the tax for the whole year if the land is purchased in the first half of the year. However, if the land is purchased in the second half of the year, the tax is to be paid starting from the next year. In case if the land is sold in the first half of the year, the tax is not to be paid for the respective year, but if it has occurred in the second half of the year, the tax must be paid for the whole year.
The excise duty which is envisaged to adjust the consumption of goods to be sold in the country is levied on the following products:
The excise duty is not imposed on alcoholic beverages and their raw materials imported by state enterprises licensed to produce alcoholic beverages and on exported goods.
The amount of tax is calculated based on the value of the taxable inherited property by applying the following tax rates:
Value Added Tax (VAT):
Lithuanian VAT rates
|Rate||Type||Which goods or services?|
|21%||Standard||All other taxable goods and services.|
|9%||Reduced||Some domestic passenger transport; books (excluding e-books); newspapers and periodicals; hotel accommodation; district heating.|
|5%||Reduced||Pharmaceutical products; medical equipment for disabled persons.|
|0%||Zero||Intra-community and international transport.|
VAT taxpayer registration:
Foreign entities must register as VAT payers in Lithuania if:
Social Insurance Contributions:
In Lithuania, the coordination of social insurance schemes operates at a relatively high level. Social insurance contributions are paid by both employers and employees. The basic contributions amount to 33.7 % of the total income before tax, thus covering all risks (except for accidents at work and occupational diseases), out of which 30.7 % is paid by an employer, but the remaining 3 % – by an employee. The state makes contributions on behalf of specific groups of persons (partial participation in financing), for example, children.
In compliance with the Lithuanian legislation there are three categories of social insurance contributions for accidents at work and occupational diseases and social insurance contribution rates for accidents at work and occupational diseases payable by the contributors assigned to these categories:
Taxes on State Natural Resources:
The objective of the Law on Taxes on State Natural Resources is to increase the responsibility of users of natural resources for their effective and economic utilisation and to compensate the state expenditure on exploration of natural resources and maintaining their amount and quality. Taxes on state natural resources must be included in production costs and paid into the state budget.
Lottery and Gaming Tax:
Since 2009, the following conditions are in effect: the tax rate levied on lotteries is 5 %, but the tax rate levied on bingo, totalisator and bets – 15 %.
The information on this website is based on information and experience gathered by Jesper Kjaer ApS in connection with the development and mediation of projects. Jesper Kjaer ApS assumes no responsibility for the fact that it is complete, updated, adequate or for transactions or actions that may be made on the basis of it. The seller and the buyer are advised to perform their own due diligence.